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ASAP 20th AnniversaryHistory

1973: Reed Morrison, Ph.D. co-founded the Janus Center, a non-profit, state certified and Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene funded drug abuse treatment program. He directed the program, located in Baltimore City, from 1973 – 1983.

1984: The Janus Center entered the private sector as Janus Associates, an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) that served employers of the mid-Atlantic region. Dr. Morrison was owner/director.

1987: Janus Associates EAP specialized in addressing workplace drug use issues and participated in the delivery of psychological services to survivors of the 1987 Chase, Maryland Amtrak accident. This notorious accident, attributed to substance use, prompted landmark Congressional action and led to the passage of the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991, legislation that essentially gave birth to the field of Drug Free Workplace Services.

1992 - 2002: Dr. Morrison and Janus Associates, in an affiliate EAP role, served as the Central Diagnostics and Referral (CDR) Coordinator for the General Motors Employee Assistance Program. The Janus Associates staff, as a contracted vendor, provided an innovative evaluation and case management package for GM employees with positive drug/alcohol tests: Initial substance abuse evaluation, referral to treatment, treatment monitoring, follow-up evaluation and follow-up return-to-duty testing. The service terminated when the Baltimore GM plant closed in 2002.

1995: DOT 49 Part 40, Procedures for Transportation Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing Programs was implemented on July 1, 1995. The two evaluation, treatment referral, case management and follow-up model that ASAP pioneered with GM fit perfectly with the federally mandated DOT regulations. Most importantly, the new regulations created a new client, Public Safety.

1997: When it became apparent that EAPs could not serve the competing priorities, employers, employees and Public Safety simultaneously without risking ethical and regulatory violations, American Substance Abuse Professionals (ASAP) incorporated as a separate entity, privately held by Dr. Reed Morrison.

1999: ASAP, assumed its own offices and staff and became the nation’s first free-standing Substance Abuse Professional Company that was wholly dedicated to DOT compliance services and the drug-free workplace mission. ASAP has always been operated by qualified, practicing SAPs.

2003: ASAP added online training services for SAPs. SAPs can enter an easy-to-navigate web platform to enroll in training courses that are self-paced, state-of-the-art and eligible for Continuing Education Units (CEUs) and Professional Development Hours (PDHs).

2004: ASAP offered Employee Drug and Alcohol Awareness and Supervisor Reasonable Suspicion Online Trainings to meet DOT training requirements for employers.

2005: ASAP added the availability of drug and alcohol testing services for clients who want their SAP services and testing services managed under “one roof.”

2009: ASAP added HIMS case management services for FAA clients.

2010: ASAP added SAE (Substance Abuse Expert) services for the companies regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The Fitness-for Duty model used by the nuclear industry also utilizes substance abuse evaluations. ASAP developed its own SAE Qualification Training Course to help substance abuse evaluators learn the NRC model. 

2012: ASAP added webinar training for employers and their representatives. Employers can remotely participate in ASAP educational offerings.

2013 - 2017: Johns Hopkins University Center for Learning and Health, pioneers in the methodology of Contingency Management (CM) treatment of substance use disorders, collaborated with ASAP to study employment-based treatment. Three NIH grants were awarded during this interval. Data is currently being analyzed for a completed study that offered CM treatment in lieu of prosecution of addicted individuals arrested and charged with prostitution. Two other funded studies are underway.

2017: ASAP celebrates its 20th Anniversary as the industry leader in SAP/SAE services.